Exploring blockchain technology and its applications across industries

Exploring blockchain technology and its applications across industries

Exploring blockchain technology and its applications across industries 1200 675 AY Institute

Welcome to the world of Blockchain!  Blockchain technology is a digital ledger that securely logs transactions over a network of computers in an unchangeable and visible manner.Currently, blockchain is changing traditional procedures in fields ranging from finance to healthcare. This article delves into the current state of blockchain technology, explaining its main concepts and looking into its evolving applications across a range of industries.

What Is Blockchain?

The key point that has to be known about blockchain is that it stores information electronically. They play a crucial role in the cryptocurrency system and help to maintain a secure record of transactions. Blockchain can be defined as a database that is shared in a computer network.

The way blockchain gathers information is through blocks. Each block is designed with a capacity and when it gets filled, it closes completely and is linked to the previously filled block, these links form what we call a ‘‘blockchain’’.

How Does Blockchain Technology Work?

The transaction procedure can be summarized by simple steps as follows:

  1. Facilitating a transaction: A new transaction is added to the blockchain network. All necessary information is double encrypted with public and private keys.
  2. Transaction verification: The transaction is then routed through a global network of peer-to-peer computers. All nodes on the network will check the transaction’s legitimacy.
  3. Formation of a new block: In a normal blockchain network, there are numerous nodes, and multiple transactions are validated at once. Once confirmed and certified valid, the transaction will be added to the mempool. All of the validated transactions at a given node create a mempool, and many mempools combine to produce a block.
  4. Consensus Algorithm: Nodes that compose a block will attempt to add it to the blockchain network, making it permanent. However, allowing each node to contribute blocks in this manner will disrupt the operation of the blockchain network. To address this issue, the nodes employ a consensus process to ensure that each new block added to the Blockchain is the one and only version of the truth agreed upon by all nodes in the Blockchain, and that only a valid block is safely linked to the blockchain.

We refer to the node that is chosen to add a block to the blockchain as a “miner” since they will be rewarded. In order to add a block to the blockchain, the consensus algorithm generates a hash code for it.

  1. New block addition to the network: The freshly formed block is now prepared for addition to the blockchain once it has been authenticated and assigned a hash value. Every block includes the hash value of the one before it, which is how a blockchain is formed by cryptographically connecting all of the blocks together. The open end of the blockchain receives a fresh block.
  2. Transaction complete: The transaction is finished as soon as the block is put to the blockchain, and the information about it is kept there forever. Anybody can obtain the transaction’s details and validate it.


What are the potential applications of blockchain for technology in various industries?

So far we have looked at the definition of blockchain and how it works exactly. Now we would like to return to our real world and explain the potential applications of blockchain as there are loads of useful applications of blockchain technology.

1. Money transfers

When compared to using current money transfer services, money transactions made using blockchain can be quicker and less costly. This is especially true for expensive and time-consuming cross-border transactions. Money transfers between accounts can take days, for example let’s say you are trying to transfer some money to your cousin who lives in Belgium, this cross-border transaction is likely to take days but even in the current U.S. financial system  a blockchain transaction just takes minutes.

2. Financial exchanges

Over the past few years, a large number of businesses have emerged offering decentralized cryptocurrency exchanges. Blockchain exchanges enable cheaper and faster transaction times. Although blockchain-based exchanges mainly deal with cryptocurrencies, traditional assets could also benefit from the technology.

3. Lending

Smart contracts on blockchain technology enable lenders to be able to do loan transactions. Blockchain-based smart contracts enable specific events to automatically start actions such as service payments, margin calls, loan repayment in full, and collateral release.

4. Insurance

Customers and insurance providers may benefit from increased transparency through the use of smart contracts on a blockchain. Customers would not be able to make several claims for the same occurrence if all claims were recorded on a blockchain. 

5. Real estate

In order to transfer deeds to new owners and confirm ownership and financial information, real estate transactions necessitate an enormous amount of documentation. Verifying and transferring ownership in real estate transactions can be made more accessible and secure by using blockchain technology. This can lower paperwork, expedite processes, and result in cost savings.

6. Secure personal information

It may be safer to store personal information, like your Social Security number, birthdate, and other identifying details, on a public ledger (like a blockchain) than it is on more vulnerable systems at the moment. In sectors including travel, healthcare, finance, and education, blockchain technology can be utilized to improve access for individuals in need of identifying information while also securing access to it.

7. Voting

We are only a few steps away from adopting blockchain technology to cast our votes if personal identity information is stored on it. Voter fraud can be prevented, duplicate votes cannot be cast, and only eligible voters can cast ballots using blockchain technology.

8. Government benefits

Digital identities on blockchains are being used in government benefit administration, including welfare, Social Security, and Medicare. Blockchain technology has the potential to lower operating expenses and fraud.

9. Securely share medical information

Doctors and other medical professionals can get accurate and current patient information by storing medical data on a blockchain. This can guarantee that patients who see several physicians receive the best care available.

10. Artist royalties

The tracking of music and video assets shared online using blockchain technology can guarantee that creators receive compensation for their creations. Blockchain technology can be used to lessen piracy because it was developed to guarantee that a file doesn’t exist more than once.

To sum up, blockchain technology stands as a game changer that has the potential to completely transform a wide range of businesses. Blockchain has the ability to drive innovation and disrupt established processes.



AY Institute

We're on a mission: to bring change within communities, organisations and policies by implementing innovative social initiatives.

All stories by : AY Institute

      Privacy Preferences

      When you visit our website, it may store information through your browser from specific services, usually in the form of cookies. Here you can change your Privacy preferences. It is worth noting that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our website and the services we are able to offer.

      Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking code.
      Click to enable/disable Google Fonts.
      Click to enable/disable Google Maps.
      Click to enable/disable video embeds.
      Let us be frank, we use cookies 🍪 for site analytics and to display relevant ads. Define your Privacy Preferences and/or agree to our use of cookies.
      GET NEWS